Periodontics: Advanced Treatments for Gum Disease

Periodontics: Advanced Treatments for Gum Disease

April 1, 2024

Gum disease, or Periodontitis, is a widespread issue affecting numerous people worldwide. This condition entails gum inflammation that, if left untreated, can progress to damage the supportive soft tissue and bone around the teeth. Fortunately, modern dentistry offers advanced treatments for gum disease through periodontics. In this guide, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for gum disease and the role of periodontics in Elk Grove, CA.

Understanding Gum Disease: Causes and Risk Factors

Periodontal gum infection is mainly triggered by plaque accumulation along the gum line, which results from inadequate oral care. Contributing factors include smoking, hormonal changes, genetics, and certain medical conditions like diabetes. Poor nutrition and stress can also weaken the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to gum disease. If untreated, it can advance to more severe stages, resulting in tooth loss and other complications. Consistent dental examinations and correct oral care routines prevent and control gum disease.

Periodontal Examination: Assessing Gum Health

Regular dental check-ups are essential for assessing gum health and detecting signs of gum disease. During a periodontal examination, the dentist or periodontist near me in Elk Grove will evaluate the health of the gums by measuring pocket depths, inspecting for signs of inflammation, and taking dental X-rays to assess bone loss. These evaluations aid in assessing the severity of gum disease and devising an appropriate treatment strategy.

Non-Surgical Treatments for Gum Disease

Non-surgical treatments are often the first defense against gum disease, particularly in the early stages. These treatments aim to remove plaque and bacteria from the gums and promote healing.

  • Scaling and root planing, also known as a deep cleaning procedure, is one of the most common non-surgical treatments. During this procedure, the dentist in Elk Grove eliminates plaque and tartar from the surfaces of the teeth and roots and smooths the root surfaces to discourage bacterial growth.
  • Alongside scaling and root planing, antibiotic therapy may be recommended to decrease bacterial infection and inflammation in the gums. Antibiotics may be administered orally or topically, depending on the severity of the gum disease.
  • In some cases, laser therapy may be a minimally invasive treatment option. Laser therapy targets and eliminates bacteria while minimizing damage to surrounding tissues, promoting faster healing and reduced discomfort for the patient.

Surgical Gum Disease Treatments

In cases where non-surgical treatments are insufficient to manage gum disease, surgical intervention may be necessary. Surgical gum disease treatments are designed to address more advanced stages of gum disease and restore gum health.

Some common surgical procedures used to treat gum disease include:

  • Flap surgery: Flap or pocket reduction surgery involves lifting the gums to access and remove tartar deposits from deep pockets. The gums are then secured back to promote healing and reduce pocket depths.
  • Bone grafting: Bone grafting is performed to regenerate lost bone around the teeth affected by gum disease. During this procedure, synthetic or natural bone material is placed in areas of bone loss to promote new bone growth and improve the stability of the teeth.
  • Guided tissue regeneration: Guided tissue regeneration is a surgical technique encouraging the regeneration of lost gum and bone tissue. A barrier membrane is positioned over the affected area to hinder undesirable tissue growth and facilitate healthy tissue regrowth.
  • Soft tissue grafting: Transplanting healthy gum tissue from one part of the mouth to another, soft tissue grafting aims to cover exposed tooth roots and improve the smile’s visual appeal.

Periodontal Maintenance: Preventing Recurrence of Gum Disease

Periodontal maintenance is crucial for preventing the recurrence of gum disease and maintaining optimal gum health. After undergoing periodontics treatments in Elk Grove, CA, individuals transition to a maintenance phase to ensure the long-term success of their treatment and prevent the return of gum disease.

Key components of periodontal maintenance include:

  • Regular Dental Check-ups: Scheduled follow-up appointments with the periodontist or dentist are essential for monitoring gum health, assessing the effectiveness of previous treatments, and detecting any signs of recurrence early on.
  • Professional Cleanings: Regular professional cleanings help eliminate plaque and tartar buildup, preventing the progression of gum disease. These cleanings typically occur more frequently than routine cleanings to address specific periodontal needs.
  • Personal Oral Hygiene: Emphasizing consistent oral hygiene practices at home, including regular brushing, flossing, and antimicrobial mouth rinses, is vital for ongoing gum health.
  • Lifestyle Modifications: Following a healthy lifestyle, such as maintaining a balanced diet and refraining from tobacco use, plays a significant role in oral health and diminishes the likelihood of gum disease recurring.

What advantages does gum disease treatment offer?

Undergoing advanced periodontal treatments offers numerous benefits, not only for oral health but also for overall well-being. Some potential advantages include:

  • Preservation of Natural Teeth: Effectively treating gum disease helps preserve natural teeth by preventing further damage to the supporting structures.
  • Improved Oral Function: Restoring gum health enhances oral function, allowing individuals to eat, speak, and chew comfortably.
  • Enhanced Aesthetic Appearance: Addressing gum disease can enhance the smile’s appearance by minimizing gum inflammation, reducing recession, and promoting a more harmonious gum line.
  • Prevention of Systemic Health Issues: Gum disease has been linked to various systemic health issues, including heart disease and diabetes. Treating gum disease may lead to better overall health and reduced associated disease risk.
  • Boosted Self-Confidence: Achieving a healthy and aesthetically pleasing smile can positively impact self-esteem and confidence, promoting a more fulfilling quality of life.


Periodontics plays a crucial role in treating gum disease and preserving oral well-being. By comprehending gum disease’s causes and risk factors, undergoing regular periodontal examinations, and receiving appropriate treatments, individuals can effectively manage gum disease and prevent complications. With the expertise of a skilled periodontist and the advanced treatments available at Laguna Dental & Orthodontics in Elk Grove, CA, patients can achieve healthier gums and a brighter smile for years to come. Take the initial step towards healthier gums and a brighter smile. Please schedule a consultation with our experienced periodontist today!

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